Varicoceles treated with Interventional Radiology

Team of Dr. Charalambous - Nicosia, Cyprus


Varicoceles is a condition in which the veins in the scrotum become large in size. There are valves in the scrotum veins which make sure that the blood flows only in one direction. The valves prevent the blood from flowing backward. If a person is suffering from this condition, it means the valves in his scrotum veins are not functioning properly. Due to this condition, the blood stays stagnant in scrotum. It is like the varicose vein which can happen in legs.

This condition can also affect the fertility of the patient, as this condition can lower the production of sperm. Varicoceles is a condition that also reduces the quality of sperm and testicular atrophy.


Most of the time, this condition is asymptomatic, which means the person does not feel any kind of symptoms. However, there some cases in which this condition can cause pain. The pain can range from mild, heavy, discomfort to sharp pain.

If there is pain, the person can feel that the pain increases when he does exercise or movement. The pain can get worse with time, and the symptoms can also get worse. If you are suffering from this condition, lying on your back can also offer relief from the pain.


Physical examination or ultrasound can be used to diagnose the condition. The varicocele can be seen as a mass in the area of the scrotum. If you go with the clinical examination, the doctor will ask you to take a deep breath and to hold, so that the doctor can examine the scrotum above the testicles. Ultrasound can also be used to evaluate the dilation of the veins or measure the flow of blood.
If there is pain, testicular atrophy, or infertility happening due to varicocele, you may go through treatment for that.
There are two kinds of options for the treatment of this condition.
One is surgical repair of the varicocele, in which a surgeon cuts the vein, which supplies blood to the varicocele. As a result, no blood will reach the varicocele. This process can be done under general or local anesthesia.
The second option is minimally invasive percutaneous embolization. It is a process in which a radiologist will insert a special catheter in your arm or groin, and with the help of the imaging, it can reach the affected area. The radiologist will use tiny metal coils or liquid to stop the flow of the blood to the vein, which is suffering from varicocele. This method is as good as surgery, and there is less pain, shorter recovery time, and minimum risk.
Dr Nikolas Charalambous is named among the most prominent interventional radiologist. Get a free consultation for a minimally invasive treatment of brain, neck, and spine.
Aretaeio Hospital

Andrea Avraamidi 55-57, Strovolos 2024, Nicosia,


Email: consulting at 
Phone: +357  99 44 08 22